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New Species of Amazon Parrot Discovered in Mexico

A new class of parrot has been detected in a pleasant forests of a Yucatán Peninsula, Mexico.

Male (right) and womanlike paratypes of a blue-winged jungle (Amazona gomezgarzai). Image credit: T. Silva et al, doi: 10.7717/peerj.3475.

Male (right) and womanlike paratypes of a blue-winged jungle (Amazona gomezgarzai). Image credit: T. Silva et al, doi: 10.7717/peerj.3475.

The colorful bird was initial sighted in 2014 by Mexican veterinarian and ornithologist Dr. Miguel A. Gómez Garza in a remote partial of a Yucatán Peninsula in Mexico. The parrots occurred in tiny flocks of 3 to 5 people and fed on a proposal pods constructed by leadtree.

Now studies of a parrot’s DNA, morphology, and vocalizations have reliable it to be a singular species.

Lead author Dr. Tony Silva, a researcher during a University of Florida, and his colleagues from Mexico and Poland have named a new class a blue-winged jungle (Amazona gomezgarzai).

The bird is autochthonous to a Yucatán Peninsula. To date, a participation is cramped to an area roughly 100 km2 that is centered south of Becanchén in Tekax municipality, Yucatán.

The class is found in pleasant caducifolius and subcaducifolius forests.

It is also found in uneasy rags of local foliage and in small, cultivated fields with sparse trees.

In normal parrot fashion, a blue-winged jungle is diurnal, commencement a day during sunrise.

It is generally sly when resting, regulating a plumage as camouflage.

In contrast, it is outspoken and shrill in flight. The moody is tolerably quick with a resource that is standard of a classification Amazona with wing-beats never surpassing a plane axis.

“A really sold underline of a new class is a call, that is loud, sharp, short, repeated and monotonous; one sold enunciation is some-more suggestive of an accipiter than of any famous parrot,” Dr. Silva and co-authors said.

“The generation of syllables is most longer than in other jungle parrot species. In flight, a call is a loud, short, pointy and repeated yak-yak-yak. While perched, a call is mellow and prolonged.”

The blue-winged jungle is found in tiny flocks of reduction than 12 individuals. Pairs and their brood have a bent to sojourn together and are distinct in groups.

Like all members of a classification Amazona, this parrot is herbivore.

Its diet consists of seeds, fruits, flowers and leaves performed in a tree canopy. It also consumes proposal shoots of local trees and a pods of leguminous trees including uaxim (Leucaena glauca), bukut (Cassia grandis) and katsín (Acasia gaumeri).

“The blue-winged jungle has emerged utterly recently, about 120,000 years ago, from within a white-fronted jungle (Amazona albifrons) population,” a authors said.

“During this time, a bird differentiated amply to be clearly tangible as a new species.”

Details of a parrot’s find are published in a biography PeerJ.

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T. Silva et al. 2017. A new parrot taxon from a Yucatán Peninsula, Mexico — a position within classification Amazona formed on morphology and molecular phylogeny. PeerJ 5: e3475; doi: 10.7717/peerj.3475