Scientists Say Mass Extinction of Marine Megafauna Occurred 2-3 Million Years Ago
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Scientists Say Mass Extinction of Marine Megafauna Occurred 2-3 Million Years Ago

A previously unknown mass extinction may have killed up to a third of large marine animals 2-3 million years ago, according to an international team of paleontologists. Carcharocles…

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Fossil from Mongolia is Ancient Relative of Today’s Ginkgo biloba
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Fossil from Mongolia is Ancient Relative of Today’s Ginkgo biloba

Exceptionally well-preserved specimens unearthed in Early Cretaceous sediments of Mongolia belong to an ancient, dinosaur-era relative of the living plant Ginkgo biloba (today is native only to China).…

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World’s Most Diverse Collection of Dinosaur Footprints Unveiled
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World’s Most Diverse Collection of Dinosaur Footprints Unveiled

A group of paleontologists from the University of Queensland and James Cook University has documented the most diverse assemblage of dinosaur tracks in the world on the north-western…

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Daspletosaurus horneri: New Tyrannosaur Species Discovered
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Daspletosaurus horneri: New Tyrannosaur Species Discovered

Paleontologists have unveiled a remarkable new species of tyrannosaurine dinosaur from the Late Cretaceous epoch — a cousin of the fearsome predator Tyrannosaurus rex. Life reconstruction of the…

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Blood-Engorged Tick Found in Dominican Amber
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Blood-Engorged Tick Found in Dominican Amber

A blood-engorged nymphal tick of the genus Amblyomma surrounded by fossilized mammalian erythrocytes (red blood cells) has been discovered in a piece of 15-45-million-year-old amber. The discovery is…

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Teleocrater rhadinus: Early Dinosaur Relative Had Surprising Crocodile-Like Look
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Teleocrater rhadinus: Early Dinosaur Relative Had Surprising Crocodile-Like Look

Paleontologists have long wondered what the earliest dinosaur relatives looked like. Most assumed that they would look like dwarf dinosaurs and walk on two legs. The discovery of…

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Sea Scorpions Used Striking ‘Weapon’ to Dispatch Prey, Paleontologists Say
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Sea Scorpions Used Striking ‘Weapon’ to Dispatch Prey, Paleontologists Say

Eurypterids, better known as sea scorpions, used their serrated-spine-tipped tails to dispatch their prey, according to new research by University of Alberta paleontologists Scott Persons and John Acorn.…

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Tokummia katalepsis: Cambrian Marine Predator Had More Than 50 Legs, Can Opener-Like Pincers
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Tokummia katalepsis: Cambrian Marine Predator Had More Than 50 Legs, Can Opener-Like Pincers

Paleontologists have uncovered a fossil species — named Tokummia katalepsis — that sheds light on the origin of Mandibulata (mandibulates), the most diverse and abundant group of animals,…

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Galeamopus pabsti: New Species of Long-Necked Dinosaur Identified
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Galeamopus pabsti: New Species of Long-Necked Dinosaur Identified

A new species of sauropod dinosaur that lived about 152 million years ago (Jurassic period) has been identified from fossils found in Wyoming. Galeamopus pabsti in its environment…

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45-55 Million Year Old Orchid Pollinaria Attached to Pollinating Insect Found in Piece of Baltic Amber
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45-55 Million Year Old Orchid Pollinaria Attached to Pollinating Insect Found in Piece of Baltic Amber

A new study published in the Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society documents evidence of an orchid fossil trapped in Baltic amber that dates back 45-55 million years…

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Earliest Signs of Microbial Life on Land Found in 3.48-Billion-Year-Old Hot Spring Deposits
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Earliest Signs of Microbial Life on Land Found in 3.48-Billion-Year-Old Hot Spring Deposits

Fossil evidence of early microbial life has been found in ancient hot spring deposits in the Dresser Formation in the Pilbara Craton, Western Australia, that date back approximately…

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Beibeilong sinensis: Paleontologists Identify New Species of Cassowary-Like Dinosaur
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Beibeilong sinensis: Paleontologists Identify New Species of Cassowary-Like Dinosaur

A team of paleontologists from Canada, China, the United States and Slovak Republic has identified a partial clutch of large dinosaur eggs with a closely associated baby dinosaur…

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Extinct Giant Sloths Had Vegetarian Diet, Study Shows
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Extinct Giant Sloths Had Vegetarian Diet, Study Shows

Giant sloths, massive animals that lived in the Americas during the Ice Age, subsisted on an exclusively plant-based diet, according to an isotopic analysis of bones reported in…

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Ordovician Mass Extinction May Have Been Triggered by Volcanic Eruptions
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Ordovician Mass Extinction May Have Been Triggered by Volcanic Eruptions

Geologists from Tohoku University, Japan, Amherst College and Washington University in Saint Louis, the United States, say they may have found the cause of the end-Ordovician mass extinction,…

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Paleontologists Identify New Pliosaur Species: Luskhan itilensis
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Paleontologists Identify New Pliosaur Species: Luskhan itilensis

A new species of marine reptile from the Cretaceous period has been identified from fossils found on the eroded banks of the Volga River. Artist’s reconstruction of Luskhan…

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Earth’s Earliest Primates Lived in Treetops, Paleontologists Say
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Earth’s Earliest Primates Lived in Treetops, Paleontologists Say

Earth’s earliest primates were tree dwellers, according to a team of paleontologists led by Dr. Stephen Chester, an assistant professor at Brooklyn College, City University of New York.…

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Japanese Paleontologists Unearth Nearly Complete Skeleton of Duck-Billed Dinosaur
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Japanese Paleontologists Unearth Nearly Complete Skeleton of Duck-Billed Dinosaur

In a stunning fossil discovery in Japan, paleontologists unearthed a nearly complete skeleton of a duck-billed dinosaur that lived approximately 72 million years ago. A nearly-complete skeleton of…

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Pioneering Technology Sheds New Light on Megalosaurus, World’s First Scientifically-Described Dinosaur
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Pioneering Technology Sheds New Light on Megalosaurus, World’s First Scientifically-Described Dinosaur

A state-of-the-art CT scanning technology has shed fresh light on Megalosaurus bucklandii, the first dinosaur ever named and described scientifically — thanks to new research from the Universities…

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Elephant Family Tree Needs a Rewrite
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Elephant Family Tree Needs a Rewrite

According to new research published in the journal eLife, the straight-tusked elephant (Palaeoloxodon antiquus), a species of giant elephant that lived 1.5 million to 100,000 years ago, is…

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Paleontologists Find Oldest Fossil Mushroom: Gondwanagaricites magnificus
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Paleontologists Find Oldest Fossil Mushroom: Gondwanagaricites magnificus

Gondwanagaricites magnificus represents the oldest fossil mushroom to date and the first fossil mushroom from the ancient supercontinent Gondwana. The gilled mushroom Gondwanagaricites magnificus lived during the Early…

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Giant Flying Turkeys Lived in Australia 1-3 Million Years Ago
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Giant Flying Turkeys Lived in Australia 1-3 Million Years Ago

Progura gallinacea, a species of extinct giant brush turkey that lived in Australia during the Late Pliocene and Early Pleistocene (1-3 million years ago), is among five megapode…

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Meet Saccorhytus coronarius, Humans’ Earliest-Known Ancestor
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Meet Saccorhytus coronarius, Humans’ Earliest-Known Ancestor

A microscopic, bag-like marine creature that lived approximately 540 million years ago (Fortunian stage of the Cambrian period) has been identified from microfossils found in Shaanxi Province, China.…

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Paleontologists Find 450-Million-Year-Old Fossilized Trilobite Eggs
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Paleontologists Find 450-Million-Year-Old Fossilized Trilobite Eggs

A research team led by Western Illinois University scientist Thomas Hegna has announced the discovery of two pyritized, egg-bearing specimens of the Ordovician trilobite Triarthrus eatoni. Left: ventrally…

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Mid-Cretaceous Burmese Amber Preserves Alien-Looking Insect
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Mid-Cretaceous Burmese Amber Preserves Alien-Looking Insect

In a paper published in the journal Cretaceous Research, Oregon State University researchers described a never-before-seen insect species found in a piece of 100-million-year-old amber excavated from a…

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Paleontologists Find Collagen in 80-Million-Year-Old Brachylophosaurus Fossil
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Paleontologists Find Collagen in 80-Million-Year-Old Brachylophosaurus Fossil

A team of paleontologists led by North Carolina State University researchers has isolated collagen peptides from the fossilized femur of Brachylophosaurus canadensis, a duck-billed dinosaur (hadrosaur) that lived…

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Humans Caused Extinction of Australia’s Prehistoric Giant Animals: New Evidence
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Humans Caused Extinction of Australia’s Prehistoric Giant Animals: New Evidence

New evidence indicates the primary cause of megafaunal extinction in Australia 45,000 years ago was likely a result of humans, not climate change. A paper on the subject…

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Siamogale melilutra: Giant Otter Fossils Reveal New Species
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Siamogale melilutra: Giant Otter Fossils Reveal New Species

An international team of paleontologists has identified a new species of giant otter that lived in what is now China during the latest Miocene, approximately 6.2 million years…

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Hyoliths: Mysterious Cambrian Animals Classified as Lophophorates
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Hyoliths: Mysterious Cambrian Animals Classified as Lophophorates

Paleontologists have finally determined what hyoliths — a group of extinct marine creatures — actually are. Reconstruction of the hyolith Haplophrentis on the Cambrian sea floor. Image credit:…

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Dwykaselachus oosthuizeni: Permian Fossil Reveals Origins of Chimaeras
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Dwykaselachus oosthuizeni: Permian Fossil Reveals Origins of Chimaeras

CT scans of the fossilized skull of Dwykaselachus oosthuizeni — a shark-like fish that lived during the Permian period, around 280 million years ago — reveal the origin…

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Eggs of Non-Avian Dinosaurs Took 3-6 Months to Hatch
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Eggs of Non-Avian Dinosaurs Took 3-6 Months to Hatch

Non-avian dinosaur eggs took a long time to hatch — between 3 and 6 months, according to new research on the teeth of fossilized dinosaur embryos. Herds of…

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Limusaurus: Beaked, Bird-Like Dinosaur Species Had Teeth as Juveniles, Lost Them as They Grew
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Limusaurus: Beaked, Bird-Like Dinosaur Species Had Teeth as Juveniles, Lost Them as They Grew

An international team of paleontologists has discovered that Limusaurus inextricabilis, a species of Jurassic dinosaur, lost its teeth in adolescence and did not grow another set as adults.…

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Tingmiatornis arctica: Large, Toothed Water Bird Lived in High Arctic 90 Million Years Ago
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Tingmiatornis arctica: Large, Toothed Water Bird Lived in High Arctic 90 Million Years Ago

A team of paleontologists has found the remains of a prehistoric bird that lived 90 million years ago (Cretaceous period) in the Canadian Arctic. An artist’s conception of…

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Feathered Dinosaur Tail Found Encased in Mid-Cretaceous Burmese Amber
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Feathered Dinosaur Tail Found Encased in Mid-Cretaceous Burmese Amber

An international team of paleontologists from China, Canada and the United Kingdom has discovered the tail of a non-avian theropod dinosaur (likely a coelurosaur) trapped in a piece…

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Miocene Ground Beetle Fossils Found in Antarctica
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Miocene Ground Beetle Fossils Found in Antarctica

Fossilized forewings (elytra) from two individuals, discovered at the Oliver Bluffs on the Beardmore Glacier, revealed the first ground beetle species known from Antarctica. Research describing the new…

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Ancient Melanosomes, Beta-Keratin Found in Fossilized Feathers of Early Cretaceous Bird
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Ancient Melanosomes, Beta-Keratin Found in Fossilized Feathers of Early Cretaceous Bird

An international team of paleontologists has found evidence of beta-keratin and melanosome preservation in a 130-million-year-old specimen of the Early Cretaceous bird Eoconfuciusornis. Eoconfuciusornis zhengi. Image credit: Nobu…

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Qilinyu rostrata: Silurian Fish from China Sheds Light on Jaw Evolution
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Qilinyu rostrata: Silurian Fish from China Sheds Light on Jaw Evolution

The discovery of a 423-million-year-old fossil in China has shed light on the evolution of the tripartite (three-part) jaw, revealing a previously unknown stage of jaw evolution in…

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Avimimus Dinosaurs were Gregarious, Social Creatures, Paleontologists Say
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Avimimus Dinosaurs were Gregarious, Social Creatures, Paleontologists Say

Dozens of fossils from a bird-like theropod dinosaur known as Avimimus have been unearthed in a single bonebed in Mongolia, providing strong evidence that they were gregarious, social…

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Savannasaurus elliottorum: New Dinosaur Discovered in Australia
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Savannasaurus elliottorum: New Dinosaur Discovered in Australia

A new genus and species of sauropod dinosaur from the mid-Cretaceous has been discovered in western Queensland, Australia. Savannasaurus elliottorum. Image credit: Travis R. Tischler. The plant-eating sauropod…

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Paleontologists Find Fossilized Dinosaur Brain Tissue
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Paleontologists Find Fossilized Dinosaur Brain Tissue

A strange brown pebble found near Bexhill in Sussex, UK, has been identified as the first known example of fossilized brain tissue from a dinosaur. Brain endocast of…

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Oncorhynchus rastrosus: Sabertooth Salmon Used Tusk-Shaped Teeth for Fighting and Display
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Oncorhynchus rastrosus: Sabertooth Salmon Used Tusk-Shaped Teeth for Fighting and Display

The sabertooth salmon (Oncorhynchus rastrosus), a giant species of salmon that swam in Pacific Northwest waters from the mid-Miocene to early Pliocene, fought with tusk-shaped teeth during the…

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