Researchers Identify Two Genes Responsible for Brain’s Aging
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Researchers Identify Two Genes Responsible for Brain’s Aging

A duo of researchers at Columbia University has identified two genes (TMEM106B and GRN) that greatly impact normal brain aging, starting at around age 65. This drawing shows…

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Genetic Researchers Predict Children’s Reading Ability from DNA
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Genetic Researchers Predict Children’s Reading Ability from DNA

An international team of scientists from the United Kingdom, the United States, and Sweden has used a genetic scoring technique to predict reading performance throughout school years from…

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Ancient DNA Reveals Genetic Continuity between Early Holocene, Modern Populations in Northwest North America
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Ancient DNA Reveals Genetic Continuity between Early Holocene, Modern Populations in Northwest North America

According to a new analysis of nuclear DNA from ancient individuals, many of today’s indigenous peoples living in southern Alaska and coastal British Columbia are descendants of the…

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‘Sleep Gene’ Identified: FABP7
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‘Sleep Gene’ Identified: FABP7

An international team of scientists from the United States and Japan has seen how a particular gene, called the fatty acid binding protein 7 (FABP7), is involved in…

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Researchers Identify ‘Night Owl’ Gene Variant
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Researchers Identify ‘Night Owl’ Gene Variant

An international team of scientists led by the Rockefeller University has discovered that a variant of the human gene CRY1 (cryptochrome circadian clock 1) slows the internal biological…

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Scientists Use CRISPR-Cas9 to Create Red-Eyed Mutant Wasps
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Scientists Use CRISPR-Cas9 to Create Red-Eyed Mutant Wasps

Genetic scientists from the University of California, Riverside, and the W.M. Keck Science Department of Claremont McKenna, Pitzer and Scripps Colleges, have managed to create a strain of…

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Researchers Sequence Barley Genome
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Researchers Sequence Barley Genome

The International Barley Genome Sequencing Consortium, which is led by Dr. Nils Stein of the Leibniz Institute of Plant Genetics and Crop Plant Research, Germany, has mapped the…

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Denisovan and Neanderthal DNA Uncovered in Caves without Skeletal Remains
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Denisovan and Neanderthal DNA Uncovered in Caves without Skeletal Remains

New research led by the Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology (MPI-EVA) shows that Pleistocene cave sediments represent a rich source of ancient DNA that often includes traces…

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DNA Study Sheds Light on Evolution of Dog Breeds
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DNA Study Sheds Light on Evolution of Dog Breeds

Genetic material from 161 modern breeds helped a team of researchers at the National Human Genome Research Institute (NHGRI) of the National Institutes of Health assemble the most…

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Geneticists Identify New Extreme Longevity Variants
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Geneticists Identify New Extreme Longevity Variants

An international team of researchers from the United States and Italy has identified new genetic variants associated with extreme survival and reduced risks for cardiovascular and Alzheimer’s diseases.…

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Tea Tree Genome Sequenced
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Tea Tree Genome Sequenced

A multi-institutional team of researchers from China and the United States has sequenced the genome of the cultivated tea tree (Camellia sinensis). A tea tree plantation in Kerala,…

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Researchers Identify Liver Fibrosis-Causing Protein
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Researchers Identify Liver Fibrosis-Causing Protein

An international team of scientists has identified a long-sought protein that causes liver fibrosis (scarring), paving the way for new treatments. The research was published in the journal…

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First Enterococci Appeared on Earth during Ordovician Period, Says Study
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First Enterococci Appeared on Earth during Ordovician Period, Says Study

According to a new study published today in the journal Cell, the enterococci — gram-positive aerobic bacteria and a leading cause of hospital-acquired infections — arose from an…

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Scientists Improve Evolutionary Tree of Life for Archaea
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Scientists Improve Evolutionary Tree of Life for Archaea

An international group of researchers from UK, France, Hungary and Sweden has provided new insights into the origins of the Archaea, the group of simple cellular organisms that…

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Spinach Genome Sequenced
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Spinach Genome Sequenced

An international team of researchers from Cornell University’s Boyce Thompson Institute and Shanghai Normal University has produced the first high-quality genomic sequence for spinach (Spinacia oleracea). Additionally, the…

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CRISPR-Cas9 Editing Can Cause Unexpected Mutations, Researchers Say
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CRISPR-Cas9 Editing Can Cause Unexpected Mutations, Researchers Say

As CRISPR-Cas9 gene editing starts to move into clinical trials, a research team led by scientists at Columbia University Medical Center has found that this technology can introduce…

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Researchers Sequence Genome of Mojave Desert Tortoise
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Researchers Sequence Genome of Mojave Desert Tortoise

An Arizona State University-led team of scientists has sequenced the genome of the Mojave desert tortoise (Gopherus agassizii), a long-lived species native to the Mojave Desert. The results…

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Scientists Discover First Genes for Insomnia
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Scientists Discover First Genes for Insomnia

Researchers from Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam and elsewhere have identified seven risk genes for insomnia. Insomnia is one of the most common health problems. Image credit: Dan Fa. Insomnia…

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Ancient and Modern DNA Reveal How Cats Conquered World
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Ancient and Modern DNA Reveal How Cats Conquered World

According to a new analysis of modern and ancient cat DNA, today’s domestic cat is a descendant of both the Near Eastern and Egyptian populations of the wildcat…

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Researchers Find New Genetic Variants that Influence Human Adult Height
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Researchers Find New Genetic Variants that Influence Human Adult Height

Eighty-three height-associated genetic variants have been discovered in a large-scale study led by researchers from Queen Mary University of London, Montreal Heart Institute, the Broad Institute and the…

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Researchers Sequence Genome of Arabica Coffee
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Researchers Sequence Genome of Arabica Coffee

An international team of researchers led by University of California, Davis, geneticists has publicly released the first public genome sequence of Arabica coffee (Coffea arabica). Roasted beans of…

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Genome of Ash Tree Aids Fight against Ash Dieback Disease
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Genome of Ash Tree Aids Fight against Ash Dieback Disease

The ash tree (Fraxinus excelsior) is one of Europe’s largest native deciduous trees. Image credit: Matthieu Sontag / CC-BY-SA. Ash trees (genus Fraxinus) are widespread throughout the Northern…

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Gulf Pipefish Genome Sequenced
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Gulf Pipefish Genome Sequenced

A team of scientists from the University of Oregon and Texas AM University has sequenced and explored the genome of the gulf pipefish (Syngnathus scovelli), a fish species…

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Researchers Sequence Genome of Dry Jujube
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Researchers Sequence Genome of Dry Jujube

The high quality genome sequence of the dry jujube cultivar ‘Junzao,’ along with sequences from trees throughout its range, have illuminated the domestication history of this popular Asian…

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Inuits Inherited Cold Adaptation Genes from Denisovan-Related Species
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Inuits Inherited Cold Adaptation Genes from Denisovan-Related Species

In the Arctic, the Inuits have adapted to cold and a seafood diet. After the first genomic analysis of Greenlandic Inuits, a region in the genome containing two…

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Researchers Sequence Genome of Iberian Lynx
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Researchers Sequence Genome of Iberian Lynx

A team of researchers in Spain has successfully sequenced and analyzed the genome of the Iberian lynx (Lynx pardinus), the world’s most endangered feline and a unique example…

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New Genetic Research Rewrites Evolutionary History of Smallpox
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New Genetic Research Rewrites Evolutionary History of Smallpox

New research suggests that smallpox may not be an ancient disease but a much more modern killer that went on to become the first human disease eradicated by…

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New Biotechnology Increases Crop Yield by 20%
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New Biotechnology Increases Crop Yield by 20%

Scientists from the University of Illinois have boosted crop yields in a revolutionary procedure that genetically enhances photosynthesis. The UN claims that in 2050, humanity will need to…

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Researchers Develop New Method for Silencing Specific Genes in Human T-Cells
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Researchers Develop New Method for Silencing Specific Genes in Human T-Cells

An international team of researchers led by Nanyang Technological University, Singapore, has developed a novel technique for gene silencing in human T-lymphocytes (T-cells), a type of immune cells.…

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Ancient DNA Provides New Insights into Early Stages of Maize Domestication
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Ancient DNA Provides New Insights into Early Stages of Maize Domestication

According to an international team of scientists who have sequenced the genome of a 5,310-year-old maize cob from the Tehuacan Valley, the maize (Zea mays) grown in central…

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Researchers Decode Genome of Ginkgo biloba
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Researchers Decode Genome of Ginkgo biloba

A team of scientists in China has sequenced the genome of Ginkgo biloba, the oldest living tree species. Ginkgo biloba. Image credit: Darkone / CC BY-SA 2.0. Ginkgo…

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Higgs Bison: Mysterious Hybrid of Bison and Cattle Hidden in Ice Age Cave Art
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Higgs Bison: Mysterious Hybrid of Bison and Cattle Hidden in Ice Age Cave Art

A study led by University of Adelaide researcher Julien Soubrier has revealed that prehistoric European cave artists recorded a previously unknown hybrid species of bison and cattle on…

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Research Sheds Light on Genetic Cause of Frustrating Syndrome
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Research Sheds Light on Genetic Cause of Frustrating Syndrome

The genetic cause of a syndrome characterized by multiple frustrating and difficult-to-treat symptoms, including dizziness and lightheadedness, skin flushing and itching, gastrointestinal complaints, chronic pain, bone and joint…

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Ten New Genetic Regions Linked to Human Reproductive Behavior
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Ten New Genetic Regions Linked to Human Reproductive Behavior

A large genome-wide association study of more than 560,000 people has identified 10 new genetic regions associated with the number of children we have during the course of…

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New Study Confirms Genetic Link between Autism Spectrum Disorder and mtDNA
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New Study Confirms Genetic Link between Autism Spectrum Disorder and mtDNA

A new study published in the journal PLoS Genetics has confirmed a genetic link between mitochondrial DNA, which is passed on from the mother, and some forms of…

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Natural Selection Removed Many Neanderthal Genes from Human Genome, Scientists Say
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Natural Selection Removed Many Neanderthal Genes from Human Genome, Scientists Say

According to a team of researchers at the University of California, Davis, only a very small percentage of Neanderthal DNA is present in the genomes of modern humans…

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Amur Leopard Genome Sequence Completed
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Amur Leopard Genome Sequence Completed

An international team of researchers has sequenced the complete genome of the Amur leopard (Panthera pardus orientalis), one of the most critically endangered big cats in the world.…

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Study: Gene Implicated in Human Language Affects Vocal Communication in Mice
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Study: Gene Implicated in Human Language Affects Vocal Communication in Mice

According to a new study published in the journal Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience, ultrasonic vocal communication in adult mice is affected by the same gene needed for speech…

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Scientists Demonstrate that Diets of Organisms Can Affect Their DNA
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Scientists Demonstrate that Diets of Organisms Can Affect Their DNA

In a study on eukaryotic and bacterial parasites, a duo of researchers at the University of Oxford has detected differences in DNA sequences that could be attributed to…

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Biologists Find DNA of Black Widow Spider Toxin in Genome of Bacteriophage
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Biologists Find DNA of Black Widow Spider Toxin in Genome of Bacteriophage

Biologists at Vanderbilt University have discovered DNA of the black widow spider toxin in the genome of a virus that attacks Wolbachia, a type of symbiotic bacteria that…

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