Researchers Find New Genetic Variants that Influence Human Adult Height
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Researchers Find New Genetic Variants that Influence Human Adult Height

Eighty-three height-associated genetic variants have been discovered in a large-scale study led by researchers from Queen Mary University of London, Montreal Heart Institute, the Broad Institute and the…

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Researchers Sequence Genome of Arabica Coffee
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Researchers Sequence Genome of Arabica Coffee

An international team of researchers led by University of California, Davis, geneticists has publicly released the first public genome sequence of Arabica coffee (Coffea arabica). Roasted beans of…

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Genome of Ash Tree Aids Fight against Ash Dieback Disease
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Genome of Ash Tree Aids Fight against Ash Dieback Disease

The ash tree (Fraxinus excelsior) is one of Europe’s largest native deciduous trees. Image credit: Matthieu Sontag / CC-BY-SA. Ash trees (genus Fraxinus) are widespread throughout the Northern…

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Gulf Pipefish Genome Sequenced
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Gulf Pipefish Genome Sequenced

A team of scientists from the University of Oregon and Texas AM University has sequenced and explored the genome of the gulf pipefish (Syngnathus scovelli), a fish species…

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Researchers Sequence Genome of Dry Jujube
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Researchers Sequence Genome of Dry Jujube

The high quality genome sequence of the dry jujube cultivar ‘Junzao,’ along with sequences from trees throughout its range, have illuminated the domestication history of this popular Asian…

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Inuits Inherited Cold Adaptation Genes from Denisovan-Related Species
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Inuits Inherited Cold Adaptation Genes from Denisovan-Related Species

In the Arctic, the Inuits have adapted to cold and a seafood diet. After the first genomic analysis of Greenlandic Inuits, a region in the genome containing two…

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Researchers Sequence Genome of Iberian Lynx
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Researchers Sequence Genome of Iberian Lynx

A team of researchers in Spain has successfully sequenced and analyzed the genome of the Iberian lynx (Lynx pardinus), the world’s most endangered feline and a unique example…

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New Genetic Research Rewrites Evolutionary History of Smallpox
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New Genetic Research Rewrites Evolutionary History of Smallpox

New research suggests that smallpox may not be an ancient disease but a much more modern killer that went on to become the first human disease eradicated by…

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New Biotechnology Increases Crop Yield by 20%
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New Biotechnology Increases Crop Yield by 20%

Scientists from the University of Illinois have boosted crop yields in a revolutionary procedure that genetically enhances photosynthesis. The UN claims that in 2050, humanity will need to…

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Researchers Develop New Method for Silencing Specific Genes in Human T-Cells
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Researchers Develop New Method for Silencing Specific Genes in Human T-Cells

An international team of researchers led by Nanyang Technological University, Singapore, has developed a novel technique for gene silencing in human T-lymphocytes (T-cells), a type of immune cells.…

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Ancient DNA Provides New Insights into Early Stages of Maize Domestication
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Ancient DNA Provides New Insights into Early Stages of Maize Domestication

According to an international team of scientists who have sequenced the genome of a 5,310-year-old maize cob from the Tehuacan Valley, the maize (Zea mays) grown in central…

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Researchers Decode Genome of Ginkgo biloba
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Researchers Decode Genome of Ginkgo biloba

A team of scientists in China has sequenced the genome of Ginkgo biloba, the oldest living tree species. Ginkgo biloba. Image credit: Darkone / CC BY-SA 2.0. Ginkgo…

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Higgs Bison: Mysterious Hybrid of Bison and Cattle Hidden in Ice Age Cave Art
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Higgs Bison: Mysterious Hybrid of Bison and Cattle Hidden in Ice Age Cave Art

A study led by University of Adelaide researcher Julien Soubrier has revealed that prehistoric European cave artists recorded a previously unknown hybrid species of bison and cattle on…

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Research Sheds Light on Genetic Cause of Frustrating Syndrome
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Research Sheds Light on Genetic Cause of Frustrating Syndrome

The genetic cause of a syndrome characterized by multiple frustrating and difficult-to-treat symptoms, including dizziness and lightheadedness, skin flushing and itching, gastrointestinal complaints, chronic pain, bone and joint…

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Ten New Genetic Regions Linked to Human Reproductive Behavior
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Ten New Genetic Regions Linked to Human Reproductive Behavior

A large genome-wide association study of more than 560,000 people has identified 10 new genetic regions associated with the number of children we have during the course of…

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New Study Confirms Genetic Link between Autism Spectrum Disorder and mtDNA
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New Study Confirms Genetic Link between Autism Spectrum Disorder and mtDNA

A new study published in the journal PLoS Genetics has confirmed a genetic link between mitochondrial DNA, which is passed on from the mother, and some forms of…

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Natural Selection Removed Many Neanderthal Genes from Human Genome, Scientists Say
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Natural Selection Removed Many Neanderthal Genes from Human Genome, Scientists Say

According to a team of researchers at the University of California, Davis, only a very small percentage of Neanderthal DNA is present in the genomes of modern humans…

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Amur Leopard Genome Sequence Completed
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Amur Leopard Genome Sequence Completed

An international team of researchers has sequenced the complete genome of the Amur leopard (Panthera pardus orientalis), one of the most critically endangered big cats in the world.…

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Study: Gene Implicated in Human Language Affects Vocal Communication in Mice
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Study: Gene Implicated in Human Language Affects Vocal Communication in Mice

According to a new study published in the journal Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience, ultrasonic vocal communication in adult mice is affected by the same gene needed for speech…

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Scientists Demonstrate that Diets of Organisms Can Affect Their DNA
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Scientists Demonstrate that Diets of Organisms Can Affect Their DNA

In a study on eukaryotic and bacterial parasites, a duo of researchers at the University of Oxford has detected differences in DNA sequences that could be attributed to…

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Biologists Find DNA of Black Widow Spider Toxin in Genome of Bacteriophage
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Biologists Find DNA of Black Widow Spider Toxin in Genome of Bacteriophage

Biologists at Vanderbilt University have discovered DNA of the black widow spider toxin in the genome of a virus that attacks Wolbachia, a type of symbiotic bacteria that…

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Scientists Discover 23 New ‘Risk Genes’ for Vitiligo
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Scientists Discover 23 New ‘Risk Genes’ for Vitiligo

Twenty-three new genes involved in risk for autoimmune vitiligo have been identified by an international group of scientists led by the University of Colorado School of Medicine. UV…

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Genetic Variant Associated with Eczema is Evolutionary Artifact, Researchers Say
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Genetic Variant Associated with Eczema is Evolutionary Artifact, Researchers Say

Pie charts show the proportion of chromosomes within different populations worldwide that carry a non-working copy of the FLG gene, a primary risk factor for eczema. Even in…

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Researchers Identify New Gene Families Associated with Bigger Brains
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Researchers Identify New Gene Families Associated with Bigger Brains

A group of researchers in the United Kingdom has identified a set of gene families whose sizes are positively associated with an expanded neocortex — the region of…

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Scientists Sequence Tarsier Genome
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Scientists Sequence Tarsier Genome

An international team of researchers from the United States and Germany today reports having sequenced and annotated the genome of the Philippine tarsier. The team’s results place tarsiers…

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Genes That Turn Dogs into Friendly Pets Also Linked to Human Social Disorders
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Genes That Turn Dogs into Friendly Pets Also Linked to Human Social Disorders

A team of researchers at Linköping University in Sweden has identified two genomic regions and five candidate genes associated with dog’s human-directed social behaviors. Interestingly, four of these…

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Unprecedented Genomic Study Shines Light on Ancestry of Indigenous Australians
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Unprecedented Genomic Study Shines Light on Ancestry of Indigenous Australians

The first comprehensive genomic study of Indigenous Australians has revealed that they are indeed the direct descendants of Australia’s earliest settlers and diverged from their Papuan neighbors about…

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New Research Sheds Light on Snake Vision
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New Research Sheds Light on Snake Vision

The first major study of visual pigment genes and lenses in snakes has found that the reptiles match their vision to their lifestyles. The Montpellier snake (Malpolon monspessulanus),…

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Study: Smoking Has Long-Lasting Impact on Human Genome
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Study: Smoking Has Long-Lasting Impact on Human Genome

According to a new study published today in the journal Circulation: Cardiovascular Genetics, smoking leaves historical ‘footprint’ on the human genome in the form of DNA methylation (a…

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Scientists Sequence Mitochondrial Genome of Hispaniolan Solenodon
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Scientists Sequence Mitochondrial Genome of Hispaniolan Solenodon

An international team of scientists has completely sequenced the mitochondrial genome of the Hispaniolan solenodon (a venomous, insectivorous mammal that diverged from other living mammals 78 million years…

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Ancient DNA Study Sheds New Light on Genetic History of Europeans
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Ancient DNA Study Sheds New Light on Genetic History of Europeans

Analyses of genome-wide data from 51 Eurasians from 7,000 – 45,000 years ago reveal two big changes in prehistoric human populations that are closely linked to the end…

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Researchers Identify Gene for Temperature-Dependent Sex Determination in Snapping Turtles
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Researchers Identify Gene for Temperature-Dependent Sex Determination in Snapping Turtles

In a paper published in the journal Genetics, scientists from the University of North Dakota and the University of Minnesota present multiple lines of evidence linking a gene…

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Humans Arrived in Southern Arabia Earlier Than Thought
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Humans Arrived in Southern Arabia Earlier Than Thought

An international team of genetic researchers from the United States and Europe has found new evidence that there was an Ice Age refugium in southern Arabia. Spatial frequency…

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Humans Arrived in Southern Arabia Earlier Than Thought
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Humans Arrived in Southern Arabia Earlier Than Thought

An international team of genetic researchers from the United States and Europe has found new evidence that there was an Ice Age refugium in southern Arabia. Spatial frequency…

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Genome Reveals Clues to Giraffe’s Unique Characteristics
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Genome Reveals Clues to Giraffe’s Unique Characteristics

An international team of researchers has sequenced the genomes of the giraffe and its closest living relative, the okapi, and — through comparative analysis with other mammals —…

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Four Nose-Shaping Genes Identified
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Four Nose-Shaping Genes Identified

A multinational team of researchers led by University College London (UCL) has found four genes that impact nose shape. Image showing variation between nose shape and the specific…

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Researchers Sequence Genome of Zika Virus Reference Strain
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Researchers Sequence Genome of Zika Virus Reference Strain

Researchers from Germany, French Polynesia and the United Kingdom have successfully sequenced and analyzed the genome of a World Health Organization reference strain of Zika virus. Transmission electron…

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Four Nose-Shaping Genes Identified
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Four Nose-Shaping Genes Identified

A multinational team of researchers led by University College London (UCL) has found four genes that impact nose shape. Image showing variation between nose shape and the specific…

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Phoenician ‘Young Man of Byrsa’ Had European Ancestry, DNA Study Finds
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Phoenician ‘Young Man of Byrsa’ Had European Ancestry, DNA Study Finds

An international team of scientists from Lebanon, Tunisia, France and New Zealand has sequenced the complete mitochondrial genome of the ‘Young Man of Byrsa, or ‘Ariche,’ a Phoenician…

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New Study Suggests Dual Origin of Domestic Dogs
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New Study Suggests Dual Origin of Domestic Dogs

Dogs may have been domesticated independently in Asia and Europe from two separate wolf populations, according to a new study led by the University of Oxford. Man’s best…

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Researchers Sequence Genome of Ancient Barley
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Researchers Sequence Genome of Ancient Barley

An international team of scientists has obtained and analyzed the genome of five barley grains that date back to the Chalcolithic period, about 6,000 years ago. Left: 6,000-year-old…

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Neanderthals Left Humans Genetic Burden, Scientists Say
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Neanderthals Left Humans Genetic Burden, Scientists Say

The genome of Neanderthals contained harmful gene variants that made them around 40 percent less reproductively fit than modern humans. And non-Africans inherited some of this genetic burden…

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Researchers Identify 17 Genetic Variations Associated with Depression
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Researchers Identify 17 Genetic Variations Associated with Depression

A team of researchers has identified 17 genetic variations associated with depression in individuals of European ancestry. The team identified 17 new genetic variations linked to depression. Image…

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Researchers Identify Down Syndrome Gene
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Researchers Identify Down Syndrome Gene

An international team of researchers from Singapore and the United Kingdom has identified an enzyme that regulates the production of sperm and egg cells in human reproduction. The…

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Schizophrenia Emerged after Homo sapiens Diverged from Neanderthals, Researchers Say
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Schizophrenia Emerged after Homo sapiens Diverged from Neanderthals, Researchers Say

A team of scientists led by Dr. Ole Andreassen of the University of Oslo in Norway and the University of California, San Diego, has found evidence for an…

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Scientists Identify Several Genes Associated with Age-Related Conditions
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Scientists Identify Several Genes Associated with Age-Related Conditions

In an animal study, an international team of researchers led by Medical Research Council (MRC) Harwell Institute scientist Dr. Steve Brown has uncovered several novel genes associated with…

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Study Provides New Insights into Evolution of Saliva in Primates
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Study Provides New Insights into Evolution of Saliva in Primates

A new study in the journal Scientific Reports shows that adaptation isn’t just about creating new tools for survival, it’s also about tweaking the ones we have. Genomic…

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Scientists Identify Gene that Appears to Curb Coffee Consumption
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Scientists Identify Gene that Appears to Curb Coffee Consumption

According to an international team of researchers from Italy, the Netherlands and the United Kingdom, people with a variation in a particular gene tend to drink fewer cups…

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